August 5, 1864
Good news from Georgia! Stoneman the Raider, who has written his name in blood & tears upon the hearts of the women & children in Virginia, has with five hundred of his fellow theives been forced to surrender to Gen Iverson after having had his command cut to peices & dispersed by the Geo militia & Reserves in front of Macon. His rout is entire & for the present the Geo R R is safe from Sherman’s nefarious designs. Fighting at Atlanta where, however, Hood still holds his own & occasionally inflicts heavy loss on his opponent. We tremble when we think of Atlanta. The loss of Vicksburg rises as a sad memory forbiding us to trust too much in the safety of any place beleaguered as it is, whilst the thought of Richmond & how long & gallantly it has been defended bids hope rise in our bosoms.
West of the Mississippi we are everywhere triumphant. Not a Yankee raises his head in Texas, Louisiana, or Arkansas, whilst Missouri swarms with Guerrillas. Two Regts sent out against them by Gen [ — ] instead of opposing joined them & bid defiance to the authority of the U S Kentucky is under strict martial law, Habeas Corpus suspended, & her citizens exposed defenceless to the tyranny and insults of U S soldiers. So much for their attempted neutrality, the neutrality of the dollar! The loss on both sides before Petersburg in the affair inaugurated by the springing of the mine in Mahone’s front much heavier than at first supposed. Yankee prisoners say theirs mount up to 5000 killed & wounded. We lost 200 by the mine alone. Amongst the Yankee dead within our lines was found the renegade & traitor Gen Thomas, a base son of Va. Meet was it that her soil should drink his blood when he turned against her & led to the conquest of his native land a band of negro assassins which he had organized! He it was who has been most strenuous for the employment of negro troops, making himself their Champion & exponent. The mill of the gods grind slowly, it is true, but none the less surely for its delay. Rumours reach us that we also are mining & that Beauregard will ere long teach Grant that that is a game at which two can play!
Sister Betsy & Rachel left us this morning. I am sorry for it, for I shall miss R greatly; she is a most unselfish, self denying, & excellent young woman, & I have a strong affection & great respect & esteem for her.
Source: Edmondston, Catherine Ann Devereux, 1823-1875, Journal of a Secesh Lady: The Diary of Catherine Ann Devereux Edmondston 1860-1866. Crabtree, Beth G and Patton, James W., (Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Division of Archives and History, 1979).http://nc-historical-publications.stores.yahoo.net/478.html