Posts Tagged ‘Winchester’

Saturday 24th [September 1864]

Tena put the starch to sun today. We had one little shower & then fair. Mrs. Emaline Luther spent the day here. She came to see Mr. Henry. He was gone to town. She waited till he came home. He got back about three o’clock. I have knit all day. Elsie weaving today. Aunt Tena wove yesterday. Tis said that Gen. Early met with a defeat near Winchester the other day. I am sorry if it ‘tis so. Mr. Henry brought the mail today. I received a letter from Ell & they were all well. Dora had gone to see Powell’s relations. Fowler was home on furlough.


Source: Diary of Cornelia Henry in Fear in North Carolina: The Civil War Journal and Letters of the Henry Family. Clinard, Karen L. and Russell, Richard, eds. (Asheville, NC: Reminiscing Books, 2008).


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Winchester fight

Tuesday the 20th [1864]    Strasburg

Yesterday our force was defeated in a general fight with the enemy. My division lost two thirds of its total number. The Legion lost 75. Lieutenants Welch and Ashley are killed. Captain McKinney and Capt Singleton, Lts. Young, Jule and George are all captured. There was a stampede of wagons at night. wE travelled all night. The troops are now in line at the breastworks.


*Thomas’ Legion: Made up mostly of men from the mountains of North Carolina, including a good number of Cherokee. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas’_Legion

Source: Christopher Watford, ed. The Civil War in North Carolina: Soldiers’ and Civilians’ Letters and Diaries, 1861-1865, Volume 2. (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2003). Diary of Major William Stringfield, WW Stringfield Papers, North Carolina State Archives.

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Died.—In the city of Memphis, Tenn., on the 16th of March, 1862, William J.  Adams, son of George Adams, esq., formerly of Greensborough, in the 20th year of his age.  His afflictions were severe and protracted, yet he bore them without a murmur.  He was a brave and patriotic soldier, a kind and loving brother, and beloved by all who knew him.  He left a fond father, mother and sisters to mourn his loss, yet they will meet him where parting is no more.


Among those killed in the late fight at Winchestor, was J. R. Devault, a worthy young man from this county.  He was a son of Mr. Gideon Devault, a member of the “Dixie Boys,”—Capt. Wm. S. Rankin’s company, originally Capt. W. L. Scott’s.


 Col. C. T. N. Davis.

We are pained to learn that Col. Champ Davis, of Rutherford, was killed in the late battle near Richmond, on Saturday last.  The following dispatch to his father in law, N. N. Nixon, Esq., appears in the Wilmington Journal of Tuesday last:

“Richmond,Va., June 2nd, 1862.  Col. C. T. N. Davis, of the 16th Regiment N. C. T., fell on the evening of the 30th ult., in the fight on the Chickahominy whilst leading his regiment against the enemy’s batteries.  He was left on the field.  He was wounded three times before he fell.  His conduct was gallant and glorious beyond all praise.”

“His conduct was gallant and glorious beyond all praise.”  Let this be inscribed upon the tomb.  Wounded three times he still led his regiment on, until he fell to rise no more.

Col. Davis was a native ofHalifax County,Va., and was about 35 years of age.  He studied the profession of the law, and settled inBurkCounty, in this State, where he soon obtained a strong hold on the confidence of the people.  He represented the Burke district for one term in the State Senate; and, having subsequently removed to theCountyofRutherford, he was elected to the House of Commons of the Legislature from that County.

Soon after this State had separated from the old government, he volunteered as a private in aRutherfordcompany, and was made Captain.  As Captain of company G, 16th regiment, he encountered all the perils and privations of the campaign inNorthwestern Virginia, during the past winter.  On the reorganization of the regiment he was elected Colonel, and it was while leading the regiment in the battle nearRichmond, that he lost his life.  We knew him well.  He was a noble-hearted, gallant gentleman.  He has fallen with his face to the foe, in the full performance of his duty as a soldier and patriot.  The recollection of his numerous virtues will long be fresh in the hearts of his countrymen and friends.—Standard.


Source: The Greensborough Patriot, June 12, 1862 as found in Confederate Newspaper Project

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May 29, 1862

During the night of Friday the 23d Mr Edmondston was taken quite sick with fever & increased pain in his knee, so that in the morning he was unable to leave his bed & indeed scarcely able to turn over without assistance.  The Dr pronounced it Inflamatory Rhumatism.  He has suffered terribly all the week but is now, I hope, a little better tho’ still confined to his bed.  He is so patient that it is difficult to tell what his sufferings are, but the knee is still so stiff & swollen that he can neither straighten or put it to the ground.

Frank Jones arrived on Sunday & has been with us until yesterday, he having received permission from the Sec of the navy to volunteer in the army whilst his ship is inactive.  He gave us a stirring account of the affair at Drury’s Bluff & thinks he killed the Pilot of the Galena himself; says that unless a strong force is landed & our battery flanked & taken it will be impossible for the enemy to get to Richmond by the River.  He brought me a Bayonette taken from the decks of the Congress during the fight in Hampton Roads on the 8th of March, which I shall prize highly as a relic & place by the side of our Revolutionary Swords.

The daily news from Richmond keeps us almost breathless with anxiety, a fight being momentarily expected.  Johnson has fallen back until his rear rests upon Richmond, McClellan steadily advancing, entrenching as he comes.  We have deserted the West Point R R, which they have seized, & can run a train from their boats to within 15 miles of Richmond, a great advantage to them & place, in one of which we were driven back, but in the other we were signally victorious.  Yesterday Johnson was reported to be crossing Chickahominy Swamp to give them battle, but I do not believe it. Anderson’s and Branch’s Brigades of the Army of the Rappahannock were at Hanover Court House when the enemy made a dash & seized the Central Road, thus cutting them off.  We attacked them front and rear, when a terrible fight took place.  Our loss was fearful, especially amongst Branch’s N C Division, but as we took 55 prisoners & regained the position I hope communication was reestablished.  How much hangs on the events of the next few days; for should we be beaten and a victorious army, flushed with victory & animated with such passion as theirs is, pursue our troops intoRichmond, imagination shrinks in terror from the scenes that will be enacted there.  For even if the city be not given up to pillage the officers will be unable, even if willing, to restrain the men; but what confidence can we have in them, that they will not be our worst enemies?  I remember Butler’s order and shudder.

Johnson is a master of strategy & he ought to know, but to us it seems madness to allow the enemy to entrench themselves as they have done & are even now doing on the north bank of the Chickahominy; but we were not born Brigadier Generals.

Jackson has had another splendid success in the Valley & has completely routed Banks at the Front Royal & driven him into and through Winchester which we now hold.  He pierced his column, one part of which fell back to Strasburg fugitives, whilst he himself followed the Winchester portion.  We took all their cannon, camp equipage, Baggage & Hospital stores, which are most valuable, destroyed their wagons & took an immense amount of supplies & a large quantity of ammunition—in short the rout is complete and we are encumbered with 4000 prisoners!  This victory has cheered our army before Richmond greatly.  God grant that it may have correspondingly depressed our enemies.  It is whispered confidently that the next news we will hear of him is that he has led his victorious column into Maryland, so we shall see whether or not “there is life in the old Land yet,” or whether the “Despot’s Heel” has crushed it entirely out of “Maryland, My Maryland”!

Source: Edmondston, Catherine Ann Devereux, 1823-1875, Journal of a Secesh Lady: The Diary of Catherine Ann Devereux Edmondston 1860-1866. Crabtree, Beth G and Patton, James W., (Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Division of Archives and History, 1979). http://nc-historical-publications.stores.yahoo.net/478.html


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