Tuesday 18th [October 1864]

I have knit and read today. Reading “The Deserted Wife,” ‘tis very interesting. I thought of going to see Belle today but Mr. Henry’s teeth pain him so at night I will not go till they get better.  He is so kind to stay with me when I am unwell. I will wait on him & try to get him well.


Saturday 22nd [October 1864]

I went to town on Wednesday & came back Thursday evening. Mr. Henry took Willie, Gus & I. Rose walked to the bridge. We worked the Neilson horse to the buggy for the first time, he seems to be gentle. Hanes came after me, brought Zona so we had a buggy full of children. Rose rode behind, I sit up till two o’clock at Mollie’s Wednesday night. Bell is getting better. Eliza & I went up after supper. Willie & Gus were both asleep. Rose carried Gus & Bill Willie. I had the headache all day Thursday, took a long nap at Sister Jane’s. Mr. Neilson came home Wednesday night. I had headache all day Friday but did not go to bed for it. I knit and finished reading “The Desert Wife.” Matt is weaving. I have been doing odds & ends today and nothing generally. Mr. Henry brought Starnes lien last Thursday, he came this morning. Gave 3000$ in Confederate money.

Source: Diary of Cornelia Henry in Fear in North Carolina: The Civil War Journal and Letters of the Henry Family. Clinard, Karen L. and Russell, Richard, eds. (Asheville, NC: Reminiscing Books, 2008).

Relief for Confederate Sufferers at New Bern

We are glad to learn that Gen Baker is performing a most humane act in sending relief to the Confederate suffers, by Yellow Fever, at Newbern or vicinity. Having learned that many of our people, within the Yankee lines, were suffering from this fell disease and that they were without medical attention or care of any sort, Gen. Baker asked and obtained permission, from the Secretary of War, to send down such medical aid and other means of relief and succor as he could obtain, and as the enemy would allow him to furnish.

Under this arrangement we learn that Dr OA White of the Medical Examining Board, at this post has volunteered his services for the arduous but humane duty, and will be send down to Newbern, perhaps with others, under flag of truce as soon as arrangements to that end can be completed.

Goldsboro Journal

We learn from a subsequent number of the Journal that the yankee authorities at Newbern refused permission to send aid.

Source: Western Democrat, October 18, 1864 as found on www.digitalnc.org

Monday 17th [October 1864]


I made Willie a pair pants & Gus an apron today. Mr. Henry in town nearly all day, he says Bell is no better. Mr. Henry suffers a good deal every night with neuraligia in his face. I can sympathize with him as I have had it once very badly.

Source: Diary of Cornelia Henry in Fear in North Carolina: The Civil War Journal and Letters of the Henry Family. Clinard, Karen L. and Russell, Richard, eds. (Asheville, NC: Reminiscing Books, 2008).

Old Capital Prison

Washington City D. C.

Oct. 14th/64

My dear Father

I received a very kind & affectionate letter from Uncle David yesterday enclosing me $100.00 from him & offering more as Mr Dehon was not in the City. He also wrote desiring me to come and stay with him as a prisoner if possible; he said he had received a letter from Mother which was “as a star in a cloudy night” & the only letter received from any of the family in over three years. he himself is in very feeble health & walks with difficulty with the help of a stick but all of his family are well. Mr Dehon is also in very bad health & consequently spends but little of his time in Boston but is expected there every day. Uncle David’s address in No 40 State St Boston Mass.

Mr Sumner he writes has been dead about three years. With the help of the $100.00 I will get along very well. I wrote asking Mr Dehon to get me a pr of pants jacket & vest of grey cloth which will make me quite comfortable. The only drawback or want experienced is books but I think I may buy some. I have sent for Shakespears works pocket edition.  I am in hopes of hearing at any day from home. Never forget to write particularly how is the health of those at home & the Devereux family.  I am in very good health & only very anxious to get exchanged. Write frequently and address your letter to Capt W. H. Hatch Asst Agent of Exchange War Department Richmond Va or to Col Ould & they will be sent here. Write if my horses trunks & Pompey got home safely. My best love to all dear Father.

Your most affet Son

  1. H. S. Burgwyn Capt & A.A. Genls

Clingman’s Brigade


Source: WHS Burgwyn Papers, State Archives of North Carolina as found on www.ncecho.org


Oct 11.1864

Capt W. H. S. Burgwyn

A.A.G. Genl  Clingman’s Brigade

Old Capitol Prison

Washington, D.C.

My dear nephew

Last evening I received yours of 6th inst informing me of your captivity & destitute condition. At the earliest moment this morning I sought Mr. Debow, who is absent. I am sorry I cannot come to you in person, but I am a cripple, barely able to totter about with help of a stick. I however enclose five twenty dollar U S treasury notes, & send them by what I believe to be a safe & speedy conveyance, hoping they may ameliorate your condition till you can hear from Mr. Debow. You do not say that you are hurt & I trust therefore that you are uninjured. Mr. Debow is expected home daily, and as soon as he arrives I will inform him of your situation. His health is not good & he is absent a great deal on that account.

I suppose it cannot be contraband to add that my family are well & all desire the kindest remembrance to you. Your namesake on the hill has been dead nearly three years. We had a letter from your mother a few weeks since the first for three or more years. It came by permission of the authorities & was like a star in a cloudy night.

Write me when you can, and let me know if I can do any thing to render your condition more comfortable. If the thing is possible we should like to have you here, as prisoner, if on no better terms. What do you say.

My Post Office address is Boston, No. 40 State St. & I am

Afftely yours

  1. J. Greenough

P.S. Advise me if the money comes to hand & if you want more


Source: WHS Burgwyn Papers, State Archives of North Carolina as found on www.ncecho.org


Telegram to Col. H.K. Burgwyn: 
October 2, 1864
Your son Capt Burgwyn was captured by the Enemy sept 30th near Chaffins Bluff. 
A. M. Erwing Maj
Telegram sent to Raleigh from Petersburg.  North Carolina State Archives, WHS Burgwyn Papers.

Telegram sent to Raleigh from Petersburg. North Carolina State Archives, WHS Burgwyn Papers.

A brush with Yankee Gunboats

On last Thursday, quite a spirited little brush came off between a small detatchment of our troops, and some yankee gunboats which attempted to go up the Scuppernong river, in which the Yankees came out second best. On attempting to ascend the river, two boats were attacked and forced back by Lt. Sharpe, commanding Capt. Pitt’s company of cavalry, assisted by two pieces of artillery under Lt. Williams, of Lee’s Light Battery, and by Lt. McWatson of the 50th NC with thirty infantry.

One of the boats got aground about 700 yards from the shore, at the mouth of the river, where she was well peppered, for some time, by both our artillery and sharpshooters, one shot striking her near the waterline. So hot was the fire upon this craft, that the Yankees were all driven from their guns. Three more gunboats at length came up to their relief and opened fiercely on our little party, who courageously held their ground and fought them till the approach of night and scarcity of ammunition admonished them to retire beyond the range of the enemy’s guns.

We had three men slightly wounded and our howitzer was somewhat damaged by a shell. The enemy’s loss has not been ascertained but it must have been considerable, as their wooden gunboat was aground and under the fire of our artillery for some three hours, and it was well ascertained that every man had to seek shelter below from the deadly aim of our sharpshooters.


Source: Fayetteville Observer, October 10, 1864 as found on www.ncecho.org.


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